On March 29, 2023, the California Office of Administrative Law (the “OAL”) approved the first substantive set of California Privacy Rights Act (“CPRA”) regulations from the California Privacy Protection Agency (the “CPPA”), which we addressed in a previous blog. Those regulations went into effect immediately. As discussed in a recent episode of Ropes & Gray’s privacy podcast, The Data Day, the CPPA has also begun consideration of an additional set of regulations that would implement other CPRA requirements, issuing an Invitation for Preliminary Comments on Proposed Rulemaking Cybersecurity Audits, Risk Assessments, and Automated Decisionmaking. Enforcement of the CPRA, including its implementing regulations, is scheduled to begin on July 1, 2023. However, on March 30, 2023—just one day after the OAL approved the CPPA’s regulations—the California Chamber of Commerce announced that it had filed suit in Sacramento Superior Court seeking to delay enforcement until 12 months after a final and complete set of regulations has been adopted.
Just in time for Data Privacy Day, the California attorney general (“California AG”) announced a new round of privacy investigations targeting the retail, travel, and food service industries. The investigative sweep will focus on “popular apps” that allegedly fail to honor consumer requests to opt out of the “sale” of their personal information. The sweep will also review responses to requests sent on behalf of consumers by authorized agents such as the “Permission Slip” application developed by Consumer Reports. Even with the considerable attention owed to the new requirements of the California Privacy Rights Act (“CPRA”)—which amends and expands on the California Consumer Privacy Act (“CCPA”)—along with the significant recent activity by the California Privacy Protection Agency, businesses should not overlook their ongoing obligations to comply with the CCPA prior to the CPRA’s enforcement beginning on July 1, 2023.…
In 2022, children’s online privacy and safety has been top of mind in many state legislatures and interest groups, and the California legislature successfully passed legislation focused on children’s privacy. California’s new bipartisan law (AB-2273), the California Age-Appropriate Design Code Act (“CAADCA”), which targets privacy and safety protections for children and teens on online platforms such as TikTok, Instagram, and YouTube, was signed by Governor Gavin Newsom on September 15, 2022, and goes into effect July 1, 2024.…
At a meeting of the California Privacy Protection Agency (“CPPA”) on June 8, we learned additional information about the initial batch of proposed regulations (“Proposed Regulations”) to the California Privacy Rights Act (“CPRA”) that were published on May 27. The Proposed Regulations keep much of the pre-existing California Consumer Privacy Act (“CCPA”) regulations but modify and add some key provisions. Because the CPRA was drafted as an amendment to the CCPA, the Proposed Regulations reference the CCPA (as amended by the CPRA). The Proposed Regulations focus on data subject rights, contractual requirements, and obligations related to disclosures, notices, and consents. Additional proposals will cover cybersecurity audits, privacy risk assessments, and automated decision making, among other areas. While we expect significant changes as the Proposed Regulations proceed through the formal rulemaking process, which the CPPA has not yet officially started, we provide our key takeaways below:…
The California Attorney General’s office (OAG) recently released its first formal written opinion on the scope of the rights granted to consumers under the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA), specifically, the right for a consumer to know about the personal information that a business collects from them. The opinion comes in response to a question submitted by California Assembly member Kevin Kiley as to whether a consumer’s right to know the specific pieces of personal information that a business has collected about that consumer applies to internally generated inferences the business holds about them. The OAG asserted that the right to know does apply to such inferences, albeit with certain key exceptions.
Continue Reading California Attorney General’s Office Releases First Formal CCPA Opinion
As 2021 comes to a close, it is a great time to take stock of the present state of affairs with respect to U.S. privacy laws. With the relatively recent passage of comprehensive privacy laws in California, and additional countries adopting laws that closely follow the principles of the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), along with increasing public concerns regarding how companies manage customers’ personal data, legal practitioners entered 2021 with high hopes that comprehensive federal privacy legislation may finally be on the horizon. Nevertheless, in a trend that is likely to continue in the year ahead, it was the states rather than federal legislatures that successfully added to the ranks of privacy laws with which businesses will soon need to comply.
Continue Reading Momentum Builds for State Privacy Laws but the Possibility of a Federal Law Remains Remote
The Future of US Federal and State Regulation of Data Privacy
During the November 3rd session of Ropes & Gray’s conference, “The Future of Global Data Protection: Conflict or Coherence?” Ropes & Gray partner Chong Park moderated a discussion with Ropes & Gray’s data protection partner Fran Faircloth and Minh Ta, Vice President of Global Governmental Affairs at the Carlyle Group regarding the future of federal and state regulation of data privacy in the United States.
The group all agreed that there should be a comprehensive, US federal data privacy law, but expressed opposing views on the likelihood of such a federal law being implemented in the near future. Minh analogized it to the infrastructure bill debate in the United States, noting that there is bipartisan consensus to address the issue on some level, but the problem lies in the details—i.e., what specifically should be regulated is where people disagree. Fran, on the other hand, expressed a bit more optimism that a federal law on privacy would be passed in the future, but agreed the likelihood of imminent passage is unlikely. She noted that as more states pass their own versions of privacy laws, that eventually as a result a federal law would be passed.…
Preeminent privacy scholar and George Washington University Law School professor, Daniel Solove joined Ropes & Gray’s virtual conference on “The Future of Global Data Protection,” for a wide-ranging discussion with Edward McNicholas, co-leader of the Ropes & Gray data, privacy & cybersecurity practice, in which the pair explored:
- The state of complexity and inconsistency in the international privacy law landscape
- The inherent flaws in the models on which privacy laws are currently based
- The risks of moving toward a regulatory model
- Theories of harm in data breach cases
- The role of the courts in adjudicating privacy laws
Please see below for an overview of some of these topics, or to access a recording of the session please visit our blog: RopesDataPhiles.…
The FTC’s recent settlement with Flo Health, announced on June 22, 2021, offers insights into what practices could invite FTC investigation, especially when companies that collect sensitive information make specific promises about high levels of health privacy and data security. More than 100 million consumers use Flo, an app developed by Flo Health Inc., to help women track their periods and fertility. Although the settlement contains no admissions by Flo, the agency alleged that Flo shared users’ health information with outside data analytics providers; an arrangement that is not uncommon for apps that deal with less-sensitive data, but one which contradicted the company’s promise to keep users’ personal information private.
Continue Reading Recent FTC Settlement with Flo Health Focuses on Notice and Consent for Companies Sharing Sensitive Data
Building on the momentum of the California Consumer Privacy Act (“CCPA”), California Privacy Rights Act (“CPRA”), and the Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act (“CDPA”), and the consideration of similar laws in states like Washington and New York, Minnesota’s legislature is debating HF 36, introduced on January 7, 2021, and HF 1492, introduced on February 22, 2021. Significantly, HF 36 grants consumers a private right of action for any violation of its provisions—something that was considered but not ultimately included in the CCPA, which provides for a private right of action only in the event of a data breach. In contrast, HF 1492 joins Virginia’s CDPA by relying on regulatory enforcement and generally pursuing an approach that is closer to Europe’s General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”). If passed, HF 36 would take effect on June 30, 2022, and HF 1492, also known as the Minnesota Consumer Data Privacy Act (“MCDPA”) on July 31, 2022.
Continue Reading Minnesota Debates New Privacy Bills